Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988 | East Texas Research Center

By Anne Kendall

Collection Overview

Title: Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988Add to your cart.

ID: A/181

Primary Creator: Garland, George (1904-)

Extent: 33.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Authors -- Biography -- Sources, Authors -- Texas, East, Garland, George, 1904-, Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts

Forms of Material: Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection spans Roark's writing career from 1943 until his death in 1985 and contains galley proofs, and original handwritten and typed manuscripts of many of his books, newspaper articles, and other writings, including unpublished material. Also included are Roark's research notes and materials, and promotional material for the movies based on his novels Wake of the Red Witch, and Fair Wind to Java. Other items in the collection include business correspondence, most notably with publishers Doubleday and Company, Inc. and Little, Brown and Company, and letters from actors John Wayne and Clint Walker. There is a large collection of news clippings and reviews, transcripts of radio interviews, and several of Roark's drawings.  There are also publicity photos, photos of Roark and his family, and personal correspondence and fan mail.

Collection Historical Note

Garland Roark was born July 26, 1904 in Groesbeck, Texas the son of James H. and Mona Lee (Davidson) Roark. He married Leola Elisabeth Burke on September 14, 1939. He died February 9, 1985 in Nacogdoches, Texas.

The late Garland Roark was well known as a writer of seafaring adventures and, under the pseudonym George Garland, of Westerns. Roark held advertising positions with various stores in Texas from 1924 until 1946, when he quit to write full time. The decision proved fortuitous; throughout the 1950's and 1960's Roark maintained a solid reputation for pulp-style adventure stories.

Roark's first novel, Wake of the Red Witch, set the tone for his subsequent work. Set in the South Seas, the story revolves around sunken treasure and the cruel greed of the men searching for it. Early reviewers were less than enthusiastic about the book. Critical assessment notwithstanding, Wake of the Red Witch was a popular title, made even more so after it was filmed in 1948 with John Wayne as the star.

According to Joe R. Lansdale in Twentieth-Century Western Writers, "Many of Roark's main characters display the proud independence that was Wayne's trademark, as well as the trademark of the Western hero." As Roark's writing career gained momentum he received better notices for his works, and he attracted a loyal following for his sea stories.

Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, volume 63, page 393-394.

Subject/Index Terms

Authors -- Biography -- Sources
Authors -- Texas, East
Garland, George, 1904-
Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence: business and fan letters, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Correspondence: business and fan letters, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Letters re: Rainbow in the Royals, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Correspondence: business and fan letters,, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Correspondence: business and fan letters,, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Letters concerning the Texas Navy, 1951-1953Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Business letters and fan mail, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Business letters and fan mail, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Business letters and fan mail, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Business letters and fan mail, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Business letters and fan mail, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Business letters and fan mail, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Letters from publishers, 1952-1954Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Letters from Odin Kendall regarding research, letters from publishers Doubleday & Company, Inc. and Curtis Brown Ltd., 1952-1954Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Business letters and fan mail, including letters from Texas Governor Allan Shivers, certificate signed by Governor Shivers naming Roark Honorary Admiral in the Texas Navy, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Business letters, fan mail, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Letter from Doubleday and order form re: Star in the Rigging, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Letters from Curtis Brown, Ltd. re: possible subjects for future books, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Treatment of Lloyds of London, and letter requesting Roark to look it over with a view to making an American version of the motion picture, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Correspondence re: Star in the Rigging and controversy over Roark’s comments about the Battle of San Jacinto, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Business letters, mainly from Curtis Brown, Ltd. and Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1954-1955Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Business letters and news article, 1954-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Business and fan letters, note, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Business and fan letters, note, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Business letters, mainly from Curtis Brown, Ltd. and Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Personal and business letters, copy of The Port Arthuran, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Business letters, mostly from Curtis Brown, Ltd, 1955-1956Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Business letters, news clippings, programs, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Business letters and news clippings, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Business letters and notes, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Business letters, Texas Institute of Letters Directory, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Business letters and invitations, 1956-1957Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Business letters, mostly from Doubleday & Company, Inc., Curtis Brown, Ltd. and Maxwell Aley Associates, cover art for The Cruel Cocks, 1956-1957Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Business letters, mostly from Doubleday & Company, Inc., Curtis Brown, Ltd. and Maxwell Aley Associates, includes letter from actor John Wayne, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Business letters, mostly from Doubleday & Company, Inc., Curtis Brown, Ltd. and Maxwell Aley Associates, short essay "Why I Wrote The Cruel Cocks,", 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Correspondence, mainly with Charles Thomas re: Comanche Belle and Hellfire Jackson,, 1958-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 37: Correspondence, mainly with Charles Thomas re: Comanche Belle and Hellfire Jackson,, 1964-1968Add to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

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