Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988 | East Texas Research Center

By Anne Kendall

Collection Overview

Title: Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988Add to your cart.

ID: A/181

Primary Creator: Garland, George (1904-)

Extent: 33.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Authors -- Biography -- Sources, Authors -- Texas, East, Garland, George, 1904-, Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts

Forms of Material: Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection spans Roark's writing career from 1943 until his death in 1985 and contains galley proofs, and original handwritten and typed manuscripts of many of his books, newspaper articles, and other writings, including unpublished material. Also included are Roark's research notes and materials, and promotional material for the movies based on his novels Wake of the Red Witch, and Fair Wind to Java. Other items in the collection include business correspondence, most notably with publishers Doubleday and Company, Inc. and Little, Brown and Company, and letters from actors John Wayne and Clint Walker. There is a large collection of news clippings and reviews, transcripts of radio interviews, and several of Roark's drawings.  There are also publicity photos, photos of Roark and his family, and personal correspondence and fan mail.

Collection Historical Note

Garland Roark was born July 26, 1904 in Groesbeck, Texas the son of James H. and Mona Lee (Davidson) Roark. He married Leola Elisabeth Burke on September 14, 1939. He died February 9, 1985 in Nacogdoches, Texas.

The late Garland Roark was well known as a writer of seafaring adventures and, under the pseudonym George Garland, of Westerns. Roark held advertising positions with various stores in Texas from 1924 until 1946, when he quit to write full time. The decision proved fortuitous; throughout the 1950's and 1960's Roark maintained a solid reputation for pulp-style adventure stories.

Roark's first novel, Wake of the Red Witch, set the tone for his subsequent work. Set in the South Seas, the story revolves around sunken treasure and the cruel greed of the men searching for it. Early reviewers were less than enthusiastic about the book. Critical assessment notwithstanding, Wake of the Red Witch was a popular title, made even more so after it was filmed in 1948 with John Wayne as the star.

According to Joe R. Lansdale in Twentieth-Century Western Writers, "Many of Roark's main characters display the proud independence that was Wayne's trademark, as well as the trademark of the Western hero." As Roark's writing career gained momentum he received better notices for his works, and he attracted a loyal following for his sea stories.

Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, volume 63, page 393-394.

Subject/Index Terms

Authors -- Biography -- Sources
Authors -- Texas, East
Garland, George, 1904-
Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Research for Coin of Contraband: letters and government documents regarding a bracelet seized by customs from Countess Simone M. de Lapre; photos of bracelet and Countess de Lapre,, 1957-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Research for Coin of Contraband: photos of Al Scharff, miscellaneous unidentified photosAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Research for Coin of Contraband: photos of items seized by U.S. Customs, letter detailing items seized, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Research for Coin of Contraband: photos of items seized by U.S. Customs, article from The American Weekly about diamond smuggling, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Letters and articles by and about Al Scharff, Houston Crime Commission, 1964Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Photos: Coin of Contraband autograph party, includes photo of Roark and Al Scharff displaying opium pipe, Houston -1964; First Creative Arts Festival, Houston – 1947; Roark in unidentified photos from a play; daughter’s wedding photo, no date, 1947, 1964Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Photos from Al Scharff of himself and undercover operations from Arizona, California, and Mexico., 1910-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Book jackets: photo of jacket for Drill a Crooked Hole, copy of jacket for Should the Wind Be FairAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: “Historical Ideas & Materials”- research notes, photos and articles mostly related to Texas and Caribbean history, handwritten, photocopiesAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: “Historical Ideas & Materials” – news clippings and articles mostly related to Texas historyAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Governor Clements Committee membership cards, Clements’ Inauguration invitation, poems (not authored by Roark), notes, photo of ship the ‘Carthagenian’, 1967, 1981-1987Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Literary Guild Review Wings, Little, Brown and Company book catalog, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Vol. 1, No. 1 issue of Chinquapin, 1976Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Magazines: The Humble Way, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Naylor Company, Southwest Book Publishers’ catalog, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 16: 1900 census records, tax receipts, photocopy of minutes of Rock Spring Church meeting,1973; Historical Association invitations, programs, misc. poems and brochuresAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Cards, postcards, photos of landscapes and buildings, 1977Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Program and certificates of completion of International Association of Personnel in Employment Security (IAPES) Conference at SFASU, 1979Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Historical articles: Old Stone Fort, James McSwill, newsletters, personal papers, warranty deed, most belonging to Mrs. RoarkAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Correspondence with publishers and agents re: Wake of the Golden Hind (later renamed Wake of the Red Witch), note by Mrs. Roark explaining how the book eventually got published, copy of first advance royalty check from Little, Brown & Co, 1943-1944Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Royalty statements, Little, Brown & Company, 1944-1948Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Synopsis of Wake of the Red Witch, correspondence with Little, Brown & Company, 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Correspondence with Little, Brown & Company, 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Correspondence: business and letters of congratulations, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Correspondence: business and letters of congratulations, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Correspondence: business and letters of congratulations, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Correspondence: business and letters of congratulations, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Correspondence: business and letters of congratulations, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Letter from Who’s Who in America and monthly supplement, Literary Guild queries, Time magazine review and other items re: Wake of the Red Witch, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Correspondence: business, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Correspondence: business, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Correspondence: business, fan letters from Houston schoolchildren, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Biographical sketch of Roark, handwritten financial statement, royalty statements, offer to sell a house, 1948-1953Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Correspondence: business, 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Correspondence: business, 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Correspondence: business, 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 37: Correspondence: business and fan letters, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Correspondence: business and fan letters, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 39: Correspondence: business and fan letters, 1949Add to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

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