Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988 | East Texas Research Center

By Anne Kendall

Collection Overview

Title: Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988Add to your cart.

ID: A/181

Primary Creator: Garland, George (1904-)

Extent: 33.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Authors -- Biography -- Sources, Authors -- Texas, East, Garland, George, 1904-, Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts

Forms of Material: Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection spans Roark's writing career from 1943 until his death in 1985 and contains galley proofs, and original handwritten and typed manuscripts of many of his books, newspaper articles, and other writings, including unpublished material. Also included are Roark's research notes and materials, and promotional material for the movies based on his novels Wake of the Red Witch, and Fair Wind to Java. Other items in the collection include business correspondence, most notably with publishers Doubleday and Company, Inc. and Little, Brown and Company, and letters from actors John Wayne and Clint Walker. There is a large collection of news clippings and reviews, transcripts of radio interviews, and several of Roark's drawings.  There are also publicity photos, photos of Roark and his family, and personal correspondence and fan mail.

Collection Historical Note

Garland Roark was born July 26, 1904 in Groesbeck, Texas the son of James H. and Mona Lee (Davidson) Roark. He married Leola Elisabeth Burke on September 14, 1939. He died February 9, 1985 in Nacogdoches, Texas.

The late Garland Roark was well known as a writer of seafaring adventures and, under the pseudonym George Garland, of Westerns. Roark held advertising positions with various stores in Texas from 1924 until 1946, when he quit to write full time. The decision proved fortuitous; throughout the 1950's and 1960's Roark maintained a solid reputation for pulp-style adventure stories.

Roark's first novel, Wake of the Red Witch, set the tone for his subsequent work. Set in the South Seas, the story revolves around sunken treasure and the cruel greed of the men searching for it. Early reviewers were less than enthusiastic about the book. Critical assessment notwithstanding, Wake of the Red Witch was a popular title, made even more so after it was filmed in 1948 with John Wayne as the star.

According to Joe R. Lansdale in Twentieth-Century Western Writers, "Many of Roark's main characters display the proud independence that was Wayne's trademark, as well as the trademark of the Western hero." As Roark's writing career gained momentum he received better notices for his works, and he attracted a loyal following for his sea stories.

Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, volume 63, page 393-394.

Subject/Index Terms

Authors -- Biography -- Sources
Authors -- Texas, East
Garland, George, 1904-
Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

Box 13: ResearchAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Stories and humor, handwritten, typescript, photocopies, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Historical articles and notes: Father Margil, East Texas Springs, Juan Seguin, blank application for United Daughters of the ConfederacyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Historical articles, brochures and notes: Peter E. Bean, Texas Presidents and Governors, Fredonian Rebellion, Nacogdoches-area historyAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: San Jacinto Museum bulletin-1958, letter re: application for copy of Garland Roark’s birth certificate-1983, pictures of paintings from magazine pages, 1958, 1983Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Notes on the Texas Navy and Texas shipping history, handwritten, photocopiesAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Research on Watkins, Burk families, Douglass Cemetery, handwritten, Leola Roark’s notes on Old University Bldg. Committee meeting minutes, photocopies, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Short story Eva Dennis by Honor May Crawford and note, typescript, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: The Texas Public Employee, March 1969, contains article Roark used for research on “Camp Verde, Home of the Camels”, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Brochure, Historic Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches Historical Commission-1952; official program, The Nacogdoches Story, celebrating Jubilee Week, May 3-8, 1954, listing Roark as member of Steering Committee, 1952, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Old Nacogdoches University Building, repairs from 1947-1968, history of building by Mrs. Roark, 1947-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Research notes on Old University Building and Thomas Jefferson Rusk, Texas State Genealogical Quarterly Stirpes, 1963Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Letters and notes regarding Old University Building and the Nacogdoches Story, 1955-1956Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Research notes on Republic of Fredonia and Angelina County, Constitution of the Nacogdoches Historical Society, cast of Nacogdoches history pageant, New American Library catalog-1952, Pineywoods Writer’s Conference newsletter-1961, 1952, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 14: News clippings, letters, badge re: “McSwill Day”, 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Who’s Who of The Colorado Authors’ League 1954-1971; The Roundup, June 1961 and July 1967, 1954-1971Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Deed copies, historical notes, programs re: First Methodist Church and Rock Springs Presbyterian ChurchAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Research notes on Masons, Milam Lodge #2, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Library Catalogue from the R.M.S. Queen Mary - 1947, sheet music for “Too Late” - 1931, 1931, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Program: “Nacogdoches: A Pageant, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Letters, souvenir bulletins, commemorative programs from Southern Pacific Line, 1951-1954Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Daughters of the Republic of Texas events programs, 1955-1956Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Programs from the Pineywoods Writers’ Conference and Southwest Writers Conference, 1957-1963; news clippings and newsletters mentioning Roark, 1957-1960; photos of presentation of Old Stone Fort painting, no date, 1957-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Metropolitan Museum of Art Miniatures Stamp Album, magazine clippings of portrait poses and styles, copy of U.S. Lady magazine, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Magazine clippings and cards with scenes of ships and the sea, illustrated book Sailing Ships by Archie WhiteAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Magazine and newspaper clippings with scenes of ships and the seaAdd to your cart.
Folder 26: Photos, postcards of natural landscapesAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: Western Writers of America issue of The Roundup, 1956-1067, handwritten notes and clippings containing quotes, 1956-1967Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Programs from First Texas creative Arts Festival - March, 1948; Literary Guild Review’s Wings, Sept.-Oct., 1947, 1947, 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 29: The Texas Navy by John H. Jenkins, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Fuel Oil Journal; Houston - 1912, Engineering Construction; Dallas – 1965, 1912, 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Sons of the Republic of Texas Magazine showing launching of USS San Jacinto - 1943; letter from San Jacinto Museum of History re: Texas Navy uniforms - 1954, 1943, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Transcripts of letters to Col. A. Huston from Geo. Fisher, 1858Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Letter to “Mother” from C. Sherman, March 13, 1861; letter to General Sidney Sherman from Wm. Armstrong asking for letter of introduction to General Johnson, March 16, 1862; Texas Almanac entry on “Memoir of General Sidney Sherman”, 1855; booklet titled “Defense of Gen. Sidney Sherman, against the charges made by Gen. Sam Houston”, Houston, 1885, 1855, 1861, 1862, 1885Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Biographical sketch of General Sidney Sherman, typescript, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 35: News clippings re: General Sidney Sherman and Sherman statue unveiling, 1937-1938Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Research notes, letters, poem re: General Sidney ShermanAdd to your cart.
Folder 37: Letters, speeches, and history of the 5th Infantry Division during WWII by Johnny Mitchell, Houston oil man, 1961-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Notes taken from R. B. Blake Collection  re: Gil Y’Barbo, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 39: Transcript of Antonio Gil Y’Barbo’s will, transcript of a criminal code published in 1783 at Nacogdoches by Don Antonio Gil Y’barboAdd to your cart.
Folder 40: Unidentified photo of couple, page one of an unidentified screenplay, portion of letter from George Daly, paper bag from Allen Maxwell Books of HoustonAdd to your cart.
Folder 41: Contemporary Authors copy for revision of Roark’s listing and bio, copy of Writer’s Roundup containing listing for Roark and autographs of other authors, invitation to autograph party for Should the Wind Be Fair, 1966Add to your cart.
Folder 42: Photo: child on a horse, handwritten notes, sketch of humorous plaque, article regarding Texas Eastern University, “Recollections of a Pilot” by Carlyle Plummer, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 43: Old Nacogdoches University: pageant script, programs, invitations, notes, Roark’s proposal for a commissioned painting of the building, 1956-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 44: Business letter from True magazine and roto list of magazine editors, 1957-1959, Houston rodeo program cover with Roy Rogers and Trigger, 1950, 1957-1959Add to your cart.
Folder 45: News articles re: Flags of Texas research, 1938-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 46: News clippings, articles re: Nautical/hurricane researchAdd to your cart.
Folder 47: Booklets: The Story of the U-505 and USS Houston; Ghost of the Java CoastAdd to your cart.
Folder 48: Notes on nautical terms, descriptions and events, pencil sketches of ships and sails, list of possible sea story titles, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 49: Notes on nautical terms, research notes on cholera, scurvy, and yellow fever, handwritten, news clippings, stories and articles re: nautical researchAdd to your cart.
Folder 50: Medical research, handwritten notes and letters re: Bay of Traitors,, 1963-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 51: News clippings, catalog, articles in Magnolia News and Texas Adventures re: Captain Thomas Fenlon: Master Mariner, 1958-1959Add to your cart.
Folder 52: Humor files: handwritten jokes and clippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 53: Notes on artist Hugo David Alexander Pohl, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 54: Texas Navy notes and research; humorous history of Texas, handwritten, photocopies, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 55: Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans: brochures, postcards, photos, notes, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 56: 7th Annual Southwestern Writers Conference program and Celebrities Newsletter, news clippings re: Roark,, 1950-1958Add to your cart.
Folder 57: Texas Fine Arts Association brochures and notes, Princess Evening Star brochures, Camels in Texas brochure, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 58: Notes on art, trees, golf, “Twenty Miles of Elm Trees” by Mrs. Thomas E. Baker, no datesAdd to your cart.
Folder 59: Card and news clipping from Boulder Daily Camera, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 60: Sentinel of Service: Stone Fort National Bank, by Archie P. McDonald, 2003, contains photo of Roark and his Sam Houston portraitAdd to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

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