Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988 | East Texas Research Center

By Anne Kendall

Collection Overview

Title: Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988Add to your cart.

ID: A/181

Primary Creator: Garland, George (1904-)

Extent: 33.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Authors -- Biography -- Sources, Authors -- Texas, East, Garland, George, 1904-, Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts

Forms of Material: Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection spans Roark's writing career from 1943 until his death in 1985 and contains galley proofs, and original handwritten and typed manuscripts of many of his books, newspaper articles, and other writings, including unpublished material. Also included are Roark's research notes and materials, and promotional material for the movies based on his novels Wake of the Red Witch, and Fair Wind to Java. Other items in the collection include business correspondence, most notably with publishers Doubleday and Company, Inc. and Little, Brown and Company, and letters from actors John Wayne and Clint Walker. There is a large collection of news clippings and reviews, transcripts of radio interviews, and several of Roark's drawings.  There are also publicity photos, photos of Roark and his family, and personal correspondence and fan mail.

Collection Historical Note

Garland Roark was born July 26, 1904 in Groesbeck, Texas the son of James H. and Mona Lee (Davidson) Roark. He married Leola Elisabeth Burke on September 14, 1939. He died February 9, 1985 in Nacogdoches, Texas.

The late Garland Roark was well known as a writer of seafaring adventures and, under the pseudonym George Garland, of Westerns. Roark held advertising positions with various stores in Texas from 1924 until 1946, when he quit to write full time. The decision proved fortuitous; throughout the 1950's and 1960's Roark maintained a solid reputation for pulp-style adventure stories.

Roark's first novel, Wake of the Red Witch, set the tone for his subsequent work. Set in the South Seas, the story revolves around sunken treasure and the cruel greed of the men searching for it. Early reviewers were less than enthusiastic about the book. Critical assessment notwithstanding, Wake of the Red Witch was a popular title, made even more so after it was filmed in 1948 with John Wayne as the star.

According to Joe R. Lansdale in Twentieth-Century Western Writers, "Many of Roark's main characters display the proud independence that was Wayne's trademark, as well as the trademark of the Western hero." As Roark's writing career gained momentum he received better notices for his works, and he attracted a loyal following for his sea stories.

Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, volume 63, page 393-394.

Subject/Index Terms

Authors -- Biography -- Sources
Authors -- Texas, East
Garland, George, 1904-
Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and SpeechesAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Part of original manuscript and notes for Texas Navy, p. 1-48 (spiral 1), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Part of original manuscript and notes for Texas Navy, (spiral 2 & 3), handwritten, manuscript of Texas Navy, p. 1-17, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Series of articles by Roark titled When America Ruled the Waves, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Texas Adventures magazine with article by Roark “The Texan I Wrote a Book About”, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Short stories and sketches by Roark for the “Sunday Texas”, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Short stories and sketches by Roark for the “Sunday Texas”, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Outline, foreword, research notes, letters from Doubleday, news clippings and articles re: Tales of the Caribbean, handwritten, typescript carbo, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Manuscript: The Manchineel, p. 1-51, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Story outlines: The Liana, Mr. Gilespie and Banana Run, typescript carbonsAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Manuscript: Baby Pig’s Golden Tail, short story, typescript, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Manuscript: Diamond Six, p. 1-69, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Manuscript: Diamond Six, p. 42-144, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Manuscript: Diamond Six, p.204-234, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Research, index, letters and photos from W.F. Smith, letters from Doubleday & Company, Inc. re: Diamond Six, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 15: The Day the Texan Struck Her Colors tentative title, opening and outline for True magazine, handwritten, typescript carbon; outline: Naval Freebooters Cruise, handwritten, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Research notes and stories re: Unsung Heroes of Texas, a series of 12 articles by Roark, handwritten, typescript carbon, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Series of articles by Roark, published in the Houston Chronicle re: the San Jacinto Letters, written by W.P. Zuber, typescript carbon, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Series of articles and notes by Roark re: Sam Houston, handwritten, typescript carbon, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Research notes and copy of The Old Nacogdoches University Pageant, 1956 by Leola and Garland Roark, handwritten, typescript, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Handwritten essay by Roark The Sea and the Gull, no date;Dignity of the Old Deal by Roark as Tart Spea, 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Notes, map, and essay by Roark re: Was Voyage of the “Ancient Mariner” Real or Imagined?, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: A New Year’s Prayer, story notes, handwritten, no date; "Explore" children's reader with short story, "Junk Tanker" by Roark, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Chapter 12 of Drill a Crooked Hole and letter to Red Adair requesting his comments; reviews, shipping costs and notes re: Drill a Crooked Hole, 1967-1969Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Valentines, valentine-related clippings and articles, essay by Roark February 14th Cupid’s Day, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: 25 Flags of Texas by Garland Roark, color prints of flags over Texas, letters from Highlands Historical Press re: republishing 24 Flags of Texas, 1962-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Flags over Nacogdoches, drawn by Garland Roark, speech on history of Old Nacogdoches University written by Roark and given by Mrs. Roark to Houston Daughters of the Republic of Texas, 1956, pen and ink drawing by Roark of the Old University Building, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Magazine containing article by Roark: The Writer, Jan., 1965, and letters from its editor - 1968; Who’s Who of The Colorado Authors’ League 1964-1965, 1964-1965, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 28: A tribute by Roark to Lucy May Blakey, An Expression of Our Love for Lucy, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 29: Zuber Letters: handwritten notes, correspondence regarding sale of letters, 1963-1964; print of The San Jacinto Letters by Roark –1954, invitation to 100th anniversary of the Battle of San Jacinto - 1936, 1936, 1954, 1963-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Columns written by Roark for the Nacogdoches Daily Sentinel titled “Daily Dynamo”, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Texas Press Messenger, containing Roark article, 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Magazines with articles marked by Roark: Argosy, Oct. 1952, True, Aug. 1946, Ships and Sailing, March, 1952, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Story notes for “Ten Tall Texans”, letters from National Geographic and J.W. Manson and photos re: Seri Indians, correspondence with W.F. Smith re: Diamond Six, 1960-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Texian Navy Day program and handwritten copy of Roark’s speech – 1961; Booklets: A Brief History of Texas Navies - 1961, The Ships of the Texas Navy - 1948, Texas Its History and Its Heroes - 1936, 1936, 1948, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Notes, news articles, and completed speeches given by Roark, typescript, handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 36: Speech material: handwritten notes, news clippings, articlesAdd to your cart.
Folder 37: Notes for 1954 speech “While We Still Read”, National Soc. Arts & Letters speech notes, portion of essay The Cruiser Houston, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Notes for speeches “Writing Essentials”, “Westerns Versus Sea Stories” and the religion of early Texas pioneers, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 39: Notes for speeches “Adult Fiction”, “Literature in the Home” and what it’s like to be a writer, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 40: Notes for speeches “Behind Our Changing Literary Standards” (notes and draft) - 1957, “What Makes the Writing of a Novel”, article “O Give Me a Home Where Some Royalties Roam-is Writers’ Lullaby”, notes on art history, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 41: Letters re: 10th anniversary of McSwill Day – 1978, notes for speech at Gladewater High School, 1978Add to your cart.
Folder 42: Speech notes titled “Varady Shell Letters”, no dateAdd to your cart.
Folder 43: Note to Roark from “R.V.” (Ralph Varady) re: sample of cordite taken from sunken vessel Seeadler, fragment of chart showing Maupihaa, no date [cordite removed from collection]Add to your cart.
Folder 44: Letters from Ralph Varady, Neal B. Houston and Argosy Magazine, notes, re: research information on diving, Fletcher Christian, William Bligh, Pitcairn Island, story ideas, 1967-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 45: The Sea Devil’s Treasure, by Ralph Varady, with Garland Roark (handwritten), biographical sketch of Varady, letters, photos, postcards of Tahiti and handwritten notes from Varady, 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 46: Tahitian brochures, calendar, postcards, map from Varady, 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 47: Notes, letters, articles from Varady, 1963-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 48: Notes, letters, articles from Varady, 1963-1968Add to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

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