Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988 | East Texas Research Center

By Anne Kendall

Collection Overview

Title: Garland Roark Collection, 1946-1988Add to your cart.

ID: A/181

Primary Creator: Garland, George (1904-)

Extent: 33.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: Authors -- Biography -- Sources, Authors -- Texas, East, Garland, George, 1904-, Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts

Forms of Material: Correspondence

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection spans Roark's writing career from 1943 until his death in 1985 and contains galley proofs, and original handwritten and typed manuscripts of many of his books, newspaper articles, and other writings, including unpublished material. Also included are Roark's research notes and materials, and promotional material for the movies based on his novels Wake of the Red Witch, and Fair Wind to Java. Other items in the collection include business correspondence, most notably with publishers Doubleday and Company, Inc. and Little, Brown and Company, and letters from actors John Wayne and Clint Walker. There is a large collection of news clippings and reviews, transcripts of radio interviews, and several of Roark's drawings.  There are also publicity photos, photos of Roark and his family, and personal correspondence and fan mail.

Collection Historical Note

Garland Roark was born July 26, 1904 in Groesbeck, Texas the son of James H. and Mona Lee (Davidson) Roark. He married Leola Elisabeth Burke on September 14, 1939. He died February 9, 1985 in Nacogdoches, Texas.

The late Garland Roark was well known as a writer of seafaring adventures and, under the pseudonym George Garland, of Westerns. Roark held advertising positions with various stores in Texas from 1924 until 1946, when he quit to write full time. The decision proved fortuitous; throughout the 1950's and 1960's Roark maintained a solid reputation for pulp-style adventure stories.

Roark's first novel, Wake of the Red Witch, set the tone for his subsequent work. Set in the South Seas, the story revolves around sunken treasure and the cruel greed of the men searching for it. Early reviewers were less than enthusiastic about the book. Critical assessment notwithstanding, Wake of the Red Witch was a popular title, made even more so after it was filmed in 1948 with John Wayne as the star.

According to Joe R. Lansdale in Twentieth-Century Western Writers, "Many of Roark's main characters display the proud independence that was Wayne's trademark, as well as the trademark of the Western hero." As Roark's writing career gained momentum he received better notices for his works, and he attracted a loyal following for his sea stories.

Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, volume 63, page 393-394.

Subject/Index Terms

Authors -- Biography -- Sources
Authors -- Texas, East
Garland, George, 1904-
Roark, Garland -- Manuscripts


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Research notes, outlines, letters from Doubleday & Company, Inc. and Paul R. Reynolds, Inc. re: The Eye of the Needle, 1965-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Original manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 1-72 (spiral 1 & 2), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Original manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 73-141 (spiral 3), handwritten Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Original manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 142-218 (spiral 4), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Original manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 219-276 (spiral 5), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Typed manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 1-52Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Typed manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 53-119Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Typed manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 120-180Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Typed manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 181-281Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p.1-92, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p. 92-185, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Manuscript: The Eye of the Needle, p.186-281, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Final galley proof, Reader’s set: The Eye of the Needle, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Foundry proof: The Eye of the Needle, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Foundry proof, Reader’s set: The Eye of the Needle, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Original manuscript: The Big Dry, p.1-60; p. 78-108 (spiral 1 & 3), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Original manuscript: The Big Dry, p. 112-195 (spiral 4 & 5), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Original manuscript: The Big Dry, p. 196-283 (spiral 6 & 7), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Cover art, editing notes and worksheet for The Big Dry, handwritten, typescript carbonsAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: The Cruel Cocks notes, research, story outline, handwritten, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 1-89, typescript carbon, letter of rejection from Curtis Brown, Ltd., 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 90-189, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 190-288, typescript carbonAdd to your cart.
Folder 24: Original manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p.13-80 (spiral 1 & 2), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Original manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 81-161 (spiral 3 & 4), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 26: Original manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 162-224 (spiral 5 & 6), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: Original manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 225-300 (spiral 7), handwrittenAdd to your cart.
Folder 28: Original manuscript: The Cruel Cocks, p. 301-390 (spiral 8 & 9), handwrittenAdd to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Manuscript "Should the Wind be Fair"],
[Box 2: Manuscripts "Should the Wind be Fair", "Rainbow in the Royals", "Project Quiet Ocean", "Banana Run" "Our Lady of the Watch", "The Liana", "The Ship that Vanished" and "The Sea of the Caribbees"],
[Box 3: Manuscript "Bay of Traitors"],
[Box 4: Manuscripts "Bay of Traitors", "Toll of the Blazing Star", "Slant of the Wild Wind" and "Slow Wind in the West"],
[Box 5: Manuscript "The Outlawed Banner"],
[Box 6: Manuscripts "The Eye of the Needle" "The Big Dry", and "The Cruel Cocks"],
[Box 7: Manuscript "Witch of Manga Reva"],
[Box 8: Manuscripts "Comanche Belle", "Doubtful Valley", "Bugles and Brass", "He Sold His Saddle" and "Hellfire Jackson Follows the Lone Star"],
[Box 9: Manuscript "Hellfire Jackson"],
[Box 10: Manuscript of "Angels in Exile"],
[Box 11: Manuscripts],
[Box 12: Manuscripts, Correspondence, and Speeches],
[Box 13: Research],
[Box 14: Correspondence and "Coin of Contraband"],
[Box 15: Business and Fan Letters, 1950-1968],
[Box 16: Business and Fan Letters, 1948-1970],
[Box 17: Business and Fan Letters, 1939-1988],
[Box 18: Personal Letters and Cards, 1940-1989],
[Box 19: News Clippings, 1946-1985],
[Box 20: Oversized],
[Box 21: Oversized, 1931-1985],
[Box 22: Oversized, 1946-1987],
[Box 23],
[Box 24],
[All]

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