Stone Fort Collection, 1841-1901 | East Texas Research Center

By Natasha McClanahan & Linda Nicklas, 1991

Collection Overview

Title: Stone Fort Collection, 1841-1901Add to your cart.

ID: A/154

Extent: 0.5 Linear Feet

Subjects: Buildings -- Texas -- Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches (Tex.) -- Buildings, structures, etc., Old Stone Fort (Nacogdoches, Tex.), Y'Barbo, Antonio Gil, 1729-1809

Abstract

Deeds and other documents relating to the ownership of the Stone Fort and the lot on which it stood in downtown Nacogdoches.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection consists of deeds and other documents relating to the ownership of the Stone Fort and the lot on which it stood from 1841 to 1901.

Collection Historical Note

During the spring of 1779, Antonio Gil Y'Barbo founded present day Nacogdoches with the settlement of 350 men, women, and children at the location of the abandoned Nacogdoches mission, and he constructed his stone house sometime between the years of 1788 and 1791. The stone house was a landmark in Nacogdoches through the control of eight different governments in East Texas--Spain, the Magee-Gutierrez expedition of 1813, the James Long's Republic of 1819, the Republic of Fredonia of 1826, Mexico, the Texas Republic, the Confederacy, and the United States of America. Local legend tells that Sam Houston took the oath of allegiance to the Republic of Texas in the house, and Davy Crockett spent two nights there on his way from Tennessee to the Alamo. "Under its roof Jim Bowie and Stephen F. Austin also spent many days in trying times" (Post: 'Preserve the Old Fort', Tuesday morning, March 11, 1902).

The variety of owners and uses of the stone house contribute to the rich texture of Nacogdoches life in the late eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. "During it's history, the original house served variously as a public building, grocery store, candy store, saloon, and as a temporary fortification during the Magee-Gutierrez, Dr. James Long and Fredonia Rebellion filibusters" -(Carolyn Spears, Curator of the Stone Fort Museum).

In 1902, the oldest stone house in the state of Texas was demolished in order to make room for a more modern structure. After five years of fundraising, the Cum Concilio Club succeeded in raising enough money to erect a memorial building on Washington Square, and on July 4th of 1907, the Club laid the cornerstone for the memorial structure. The memorial building incorporated some of the original stones from Y'Barbo's stone house, and was used for a variety of public functions. In 1936 a replica of the original stone house was built on the campus of the Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College. The memorial structure was torn down and some of the original stones from Y'Barbo's stone house were reused in the construction of the Stone Fort Museum, which is still in use today.

Subject/Index Terms

Buildings -- Texas -- Nacogdoches
Nacogdoches (Tex.) -- Buildings, structures, etc.
Old Stone Fort (Nacogdoches, Tex.)
Y'Barbo, Antonio Gil, 1729-1809

Administrative Information

Repository: East Texas Research Center

Related Materials:

Antonio Gil Y'Barbo Collection. ETRC Personal & Family Collection. A-175

McDonald, Archie P. The Old Stone Fort. [Austin?]: Texas State Historical Association, c1981. ETRC F394.N32 M35 1981


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Deeds, Leases, and documents pertaining to the Stone Fort, 1841-1901],
[All]

Box 1: Deeds, Leases, and documents pertaining to the Stone Fort, 1841-1901Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Deed, 1841Add to your cart.
Deed, sheriff's sale of the Stone Fort. Document records the selling of the Stone Fort by Sheriff David Rusk to Rebecca Finley, (1 item.)
Folder 2: Deed, 1842Add to your cart.
Deed records the sale of the Stone Fort by Maria del Carmel Mora to Harriet Roberts, (photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 3: Deed, 1844Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by John Durst to Harriet Roberts, (photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 4: Deed, 1846Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by Rebecca Finley to Harriet Roberts, (photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 5: Deed, 1852Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold in sheriff's sale by John G. Payne to Lycurgus S. Roberts, (1 item.)
Folder 6: Deed, 1856Add to your cart.
Deed of gift from Lycurgus S. Roberts to Susan A.H. Roberts, (wife of John S. Roberts.) (Photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 7: Deed, 1873Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by Harriet Roberts to Susan A. H. Roberts, (wife of Lycurgus S. Roberts,) (photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 8: Lease, 1873Add to your cart.
Lease of Stone Fort. Leased by Susan A.H. Roberts to Harriet Roberts, (photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 9: Deed, June 1901Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by E. C. Roberts, et al, to Perkins Brothers, June, 1901. (Photocopy, 1 item.)
Folder 10: Statement of purchase, June 1901Add to your cart.
Statement of purchase for 8/9 interest in the Stone Fort lot by Perkins brothers, (1 item.)
Folder 11: Deposition, June 1901Add to your cart.
Deposition giving descendants of Lycurgus S. Roberts and Susana A. H. Roberts (Lycurgus S. Robert's wife,) the property, (1 item.)
Folder 12: Deed, August 1901Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by E. A. Blount to John Schmidt, Charles Perkins, and W. U. Perkins, (1 item.)
Folder 13: Deed, November 1901Add to your cart.
Deed of sale. Sold by John Schmidt to W. U. and Charles Perkins, (photocopy, 1 item.)

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