Lyne Taliaferro Barret Papers, 1836-1966 | East Texas Research Center

Collection Overview

Title: Lyne Taliaferro Barret Papers, 1836-1966Add to your cart.

ID: A/5

Primary Creator: Barret, Lyne Taliaferro (1832-1913)

Extent: 1.5 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 00/00/1966

Subjects: Business records -- Texas, East, Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources, Johnson, Amanda, fl. 1849-1871 -- Correspondence, Johnson, T. Jeff -- Correspondence, Melrose Petroleum Oil Company -- Records and correspondence, Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) -- Texas

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Correspondence, field notes, deeds, receipts, contracts, and promissory notes of Barret. Includes material on the Angelina River clearance and the Confederacy and Reconstruction, the personal papers of T. Jeff and Amanda Johnson and business records of the Melrose Petroleum Oil Company (1845-1914).

Collection Historical Note

Lyne Taliaferro (Tol) Barret, pioneer oilman, was born at Appomattox, Virginia, on November 7, 1832. His family moved to Texas in 1842, first to San Augustine County, and then to the Barret plantation at Melrose. Barret began his career as a clerk and by 1862 had become a partner in the mercantile firm Hardeman Brothers and Barret. He first became interested in the oil industry before the Civil War and contracted with Lucy W. Skillern to lease 279 acres near Oil Springs in 1859, but the war stopped his preparations.

From about 1863 to 1865 he served as captain of the Quartermaster Corps, Confederate States of America, for the Nacogdoches district. After the war, Barret, Benjamin P. Hollingsworth, Charles A. Hamilton, John T. Flint, and John B. Earle organized the Melrose Petroleum Oil Company. Drilling began at Oil Springs during the summer of 1866 and resulted in the first producing oil well in the state. Due to the low price of oil and the political unrest caused by Reconstruction, the venture was a financial loss for Barret, who returned to the mercantile business in Melrose.

L. T. Barret was a Mason, secretary of the Melrose Methodist Church, and served as justice of the peace in Melrose in 1862 and 1899. He married Angelina Martha Thomas on August 26, 1857, and they had eleven children. Barret died in Melrose on March 23, 1913.

("BARRET, LYNE TALIAFERRO." The Handbook of Texas Online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online. Accessed Fri Nov 14 10:03:54 US/Central 2003.)

Subject/Index Terms

Business records -- Texas, East
Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources
Johnson, Amanda, fl. 1849-1871 -- Correspondence
Johnson, T. Jeff -- Correspondence
Melrose Petroleum Oil Company -- Records and correspondence
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) -- Texas

Administrative Information

Repository: East Texas Research Center

Acquisition Method: Loan/Gift

Related Materials:

L. T. Barret Collection. ETRC Personal & Family Collection. A-274

Gladys Hardeman Research Collection. Personal & Family Collection. A-69


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 2],
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Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Oil, Melrose Petroleum Oil Company, 1845-1865Add to your cart.
Item 1: Field Notes & Comments: E. C. Palmer, surveyor, Lot is, Mora Grant, Nacogdoches County, with comments on valuable "Tar Spring," fertile soil & fine branch of water, January 12, 1855Add to your cart.
Item 2: Agreement: I. C. Skillern heirs with L. T. Barret et al, for exclusive mining privileges, Oct. 9, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 3: Contract: J. B. Johnson et al to form a Petroleum Oil and Mining Co., canceled, 1865(?)Add to your cart.
Item 4: Agreement: Daniel H. Vail & wife with C. A. Hamilton et al, for testing Vail's property near "Oil Springs" (Tar Spring?? of E. C. Palmer's survey, 1855?), October 10, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 5: Letter: Introducing L. T. Barret of Petroleum Oil Project, Oct. 14, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 6: Power of Attorney: To J. B. Johnson, Engineer, from B. P. Hollingsworth, re: oil operations, Oct. 15, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 7: Letter: B. P. Hollingsworth, Henderson, to J. B. Johnson, Nacogdoches, re: miners rights and land sales, Oct. 17, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 8: Letter: B. P. Hollingsworth, Henderson, to J. B. Johnson, Nacogdoches, re: possibility of trip North to visit oil fields, welfare of "our" company, etc., Oct. 30, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 9: Power of Attorney: James B. Earle, McLennan Co., to Charles A. Hamilton, December 11, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 10: Contract: Articles of Agreement forming the Melrose Petroleum and Oil Company, December 21, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 11: Receipt: Melrose Pet. Oil Co., L. T. Barret to Earle & Hamilton for $1090.00, December 21, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 12: Report: L. T. Barret, President Melrose Petroleum Oil Company, financial report, Dec. 21, 1865 - July 31, 1866.Add to your cart.
Item 13: Letter: R. P. Loyd & Co., New Orleans, to L. T. Barret, re: possibility of buying lands from Melrose Petroleum Oil Co., Dec. 29, 1865Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Oil, Melrose Petroleum Oil Company, 1866-1868Add to your cart.
Item 1: Letter: John Flint, McLennan Co., to L. T. Barret, inquiring about the Melrose oil company, May 14, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 2: Letter: Peyton F. Edwards to Capt. L. T. Barret, introducing Dr. Kavanaugh who wishes to look for oil with his "divining rod", etc., June 7, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 3: Agreement: L. T. Barret with B. T. Kavanaugh on purchase of Butler's "improved auger" for boring wells, June 9, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 4: Letter: John T. Flint, Charles A. Hamilton and J. B. Earle, Waco, Texas, to Lyne T. Barret, Pres. Melrose Petroleum Oil Co., countermanding previous instructions to sell their interest in M.P.O. Co., June 14, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 5: Letter: John T. Flint to L. T. Barret, re: contract on boring wells at Melrose, June 23, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 6: Letter: B. P. Hollingsworth to L. T. Barret, re: oil company, July 7, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 7: Account & Receipt: E. H. Hobbs to L. T. Barret, pres. M.P.O. Co., July 13 & Aug. 1 1866Add to your cart.
Item 8: Account & Receipt: Moorman & Farmer to L. T. Barret, Pres. M.P.O. Co., July 1866Add to your cart.
Item 9: Receipt: L. T. Barret, Pres., M.P.O. Co., to Charles S. Beach for labor in boring for petroleum, August 7, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 10: Account & Receipt: Geo. W. Williams to L. T. Barret, Pres. M.P.O. Co., Aug. 1866Add to your cart.
Item 11: Letter: John T. Flint to L. T. Barret, re: oil business, August 14, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 12: Letter: A. Edwin Lyon (of Millican, Brazos County), to L. T. Barret, re: employment in drilling, September 7, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 13: Letter: L. T. Barret to William Clark, editor Nacogdoches Chronicle, re: Clark's recent article on petroleum affairs and Nacogdoches County residents, October 2, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 14: Letter: B. P. Hollingsworth to L. T. Barret, re: drilling techniques (with transcription), Oct. 10, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 15: Letter: John Flint to L. T. Barret, re: drilling, care of wells, Oct. 23, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 16: Letter: J. P. Hollingsworth to L. T. Barret, re: pumping of oil, Oct. 25, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 17: Letter: John Flint to L. T. Barret, re: selling part of Skillern Tract, oil springs, Nov. 25, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 18: Letter: American Emigrant Aid and Homestead Co. to John T. Flint, re: oil samples, Feb. 23, 1867Add to your cart.
Item 19: Letters(2): John T. Flint, Waco, to J. B. Hamlett and L. T. Barret, re: M.P.O. Co. interests, March 10 & 16, 1867Add to your cart.
Item 20: Account: L. T. Barret to John F. Caril, re: M.P.O. Co., May 7, 1867Add to your cart.
Item 21: Letter: John T. Flint to J. B. Hamlett, re: oil land, May 11,  67Add to your cart.
Item 22: Letter: J. B. Hamlett, Beaser, Anderson Co., to L. T. Barret, re: buying out some interests in M.P.O. Co., May 14, 1867Add to your cart.
Item 23: Letter: John T. Flint, Waco, to L. T. Barret, re: desire to relinquish interest in M.P.O. Co., for land (with good title), August 22, 1867Add to your cart.
Item 24: Letter: J. F. Caril, Pleasantville (Pennsylvania), to L. T. Barret, re: oil boom in Pleasantville, wells he has brought in, booming land prices, "what are prospects in Texas now", etc., July 27, 1868Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Oil, Melores Petroleum Oil Company, 1870-1914Add to your cart.
Item 1: Letter: John F. Caril, New York, to L. T. Barret, re: power of attorney, April 4, 1870Add to your cart.
Item 2: Suit: John F. Caril, Pennsylvania Vs L. T. Barret et al, re: note of $3000.00 plus 10% interest, Jan 20, 1873Add to your cart.
Item 3: Suit: As above, Sept. 9, 1873Add to your cart.
Item 4: Suit: As above (badly damaged), Sept. 9, 1873Add to your cart.
Item 5: Receipt: R. S. Walker, attorney for John F. Caril, to L. T. Barret part payment of debt, Dec. 6, 1874Add to your cart.
Item 6: Letter: W. Ceak(?) to L. T. Barret, re: suit against L. T. Barret but not against Mrs. Barret, 188 _Add to your cart.
Item 7: Agreement: L. T. Barret and David S. Criswell, Oil City, Pennsylvania, re: oil lease, July 1887Add to your cart.
Item 8: Agreement: re: drilling of test well, no names, 190 _Add to your cart.
Item 9: News Clipping: "Oil Springs 33 Years Ago", by L. W., Melrose, printed in Daily Sentinel, Nacogdoches, March 24, 1914Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Genealogical, Biographical and Historical Interest, 1876-1966Add to your cart.
Item 1: Memorial to be erected on SFA College Campus, Daily Sentinel, May 6, 1966Add to your cart.
Item 2: Feature story of Barret & first well, Daily Sentinel, May 21, 1966Add to your cart.
Item 3: Pamphlet: THE STORY OF LYNE TALIAFERRO (TOL) BARRET, Who Drilled Texas' First Oil Well, by Frank X. Tolbert, Dallas, (Mid-Continent Oil & Gas Association), 1966Add to your cart.
Item 4: Notations: Birth, marriage and death dates of L. T. and Angelina M. Barret. (two small sheets)Add to your cart.
Item 5: Heirs of Angelina Barret: Pencil & typed copies - 5 sheets, with oil map of Texas (news clipping attached)Add to your cart.
Item 6: Galveston Cotton Exchange Market Report,, Feb. 25, 1876Add to your cart.
Item 7: Return of an Election, Precinct No. 3, Nacogdoches County, Nov. 5, 1878Add to your cart.
Item 8: Documents naming as Trustees of Melrose School Community J. H. Mathews, L. T. Barret (2), John Willson (4 docs.), 1880-1881Add to your cart.
Item 9: Announcement of Sabine and East Texas Railway Co., Beaumont, of new depot at Rockland, Tyler County, July 25, 1882Add to your cart.
Item 10: Advertisement of land for sale, J. M. Mora Survey, in Nacogdoches Co., UndatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Damaged Documents (unidentified)Add to your cart.
Approximately 20 documents that date ca 1857-1895 the condition is very poor, paper pulverized by water soaking; many torn & "chewed"; ink faded to illegibility on many. The contents seem to be land: claims, suits, taxes, mortgages.

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