Levi Henderson Ashcroft Reminiscences, 1835-1855
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Brief Description: This collection contains the reminiscences of Levi Ashcroft (Ashcraft) during the turbulent years from 1838-1855 in Louisiana and East Texas. Ashcroft's reminiscences begin with an account of abuses of the legal system arising from the influx of lawless characters into the Neutral Ground between Texas and Louisiana. He writes of the murder of Joseph G. Goodbread by Charles W. Jackson, who, upon being acquitted of the murder, formed the band of Regulators to suppress crime. When the Regulators began to get out of hand, punishing whomever they pleased for alleged offenses, Edward Merchant organized a rival band of Moderators. As the two groups increased in size, there were murders, retaliations, and widespread fighting. Upon the death of Jackson, Charles Watt Moorman took control of the Regulators. Moorman and his faction subjected Shelby County to a reign of terror as men were ambushed, hung without trial, and families were driven from their homes. In 1844 Sam Houston came to East Texas to settle the dispute and sent in 600 militia to quell the violence. In his reminiscences, Ashcroft describes the ensuing battle and precarious peace of the following two years. He also relates the rest of Moorman's career, the hostilities between Moorman's mistress, Mrs. Wiseman, and Dr. Robert Burns which persisted from 1846 to 1850 when Dr. Burns shot Moorman in Logansport, Louisiana. Burns was tried and acquitted in Mansfield, Louisiana, as everyone was relieved to be rid of Moorman. Ashcroft ends his narrative with a description of the then peaceful Shelby County, the desertion of Shelbyville, and praise and optimism for the state of Texas.
Held at:
East Texas Research Center
1936 North Street
Nacogdoches, TX 75961
Phone: 936-468-4636
Email: asketrc [at] sfasu.edu
Record Series Number: A/60
Created by: Ashcraft, Levi Henderson (1803-1855)
Volume: 2.0 Folders
Acquired: 00/00/1925. 1943
Access Restrictions: Open for research.
Subject Index
Ashcraft, Levi Henderson, 1803-1855
Louisiana -- History -- Sources
Regulator-Moderator War, Tex., 1839-1844
Texas, East -- History -- Sources
Texas -- History -- To 1846 -- Sources
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Acquisition Notes:   Gift